A Resort in Finland that Connects with Nature
Niliaitta is an ecologically sensitive solution for nature tourists in the Kivijärvi Resort, located in a unique region of rich natural biodiversity in Finland near Salamajärvi National Park.
The Niliaitta prototype arose out of the need for ecologically sensitive solutions to support nature tourists accustomed to high-quality accommodation. An approximate number of 50 such new accommodation units are planned as one of the solutions in the Kivijärvi Resort, located in a unique region near the Salamajärvi National Park.
The architects, Studio Puisto Architects Ltd were inspired by aspects such as the spirit of the place, the experience of nature as is, and the sensory experiences and silence of being to celebrate the nature in the area, which guided the overall design process. Above all, it was imperative that the rich nature was kept as untouched as possible and that any buildings would be grounded upon these very aspects of nature, making them complementary additions to the area. Within the site itself, there are several different types of habitats and landscapes, making it impossible to only design one type of accommodation experience for the entire area. Therefore, three solutions were derived from nature in different ways – one is rooted in the ground and seemingly grows and strengthens from within, while another floats on the water and draws in the scents of the lake and the reflections of light from the water’s surface. The third, the Niliaitta prototype, is lifted in the air to give us a more secluded perspective through which to connect with nature. The idea is that by simply retreating away up in the air, we feel immediately detached from our everyday worries happening on the ground.
However, no matter the placement, the contrast between the wild nature and a safe, cozy interior space is emphasised throughout that strongly guided the overall experience, says the design team.
For the future, a total of approximately 50 new accommodation units are planned for the area with an additional sauna and conference centre building designed for the shoreline – these structures will partially float above the water. On an island in the lake, there will also be a bonfire, which is where all buildings in the entire Kivijärvi Resort area will be orientated towards. This not only acts as a central physical orientation point for the resort area but also a mental one that allows us an opportunity to focus on just the essentials.
Its namesake, Niliaitta, refers to a traditional building type in Lapland, which is originally a permanent structure designed as a safe place to store food outdoors in habitats with bears and other wild animals. While Kivijärvi is not in Lapland, it is located in the Suomenselkä region of central Finland, an area that has historically had Sámi settlement.
Inside the Niliaitta prototype, the experience is unique, promises the architects of Studio Puisto. Due to a ceiling height window the length of an entire wall, the visual connection to the surrounding nature is left as unobstructed as possible. The landscape that opens from this window intentionally dominates the rest, as the interior is done purposefully so that it would only serve as a neutral, blank canvas second to nature outside. The overall structure is raised on a single pillar to maintain only minimal contact with nature below, and after construction, the forest terrain below has been restored to its original appearance.
“Similarly, the cabin itself was strategically positioned so that only a few trees needed to be taken down during construction and only a narrow path grants access. While a new structure, the exterior materials, and colouring help blend the cabin into the surrounding nature and make it feel as if it has always belonged amidst the vertical rhythm of forest trees around it. To remain environmentally sensitive, the materials of the Niliaitta prototype are all ecological with the use of wood in all interior surfaces, eco-wool as insulation, and the avoidance of plastic in the structures. In addition to the environmental benefits, wood also creates a cozy atmosphere, healthy indoor air, and pleasant acoustics. In addition, the softness of the acoustics is also influenced by the modern angular finger panelling on the walls,” explains the team.
Throughout, the quality of equipment in the cabin corresponds with that of a high-standard hotel room. The bathroom, a spacious shower, and a kitchenette are all housed in a rotating core in the middle of the cabin that also houses all tech (ventilation unit, air-source heat pump, water heater, and electrical switchboard).
The solution makes it possible to keep the other walls and ceiling surfaces of the cabin as clean as possible, which creating a harmonious overall interior. In addition, the water, sewer pipes, and electrical cables all run to the Niliaitta prototype under the external staircase in an enclosure, similarly creating a clean exterior.
Kivijärvi Resort / Niliaitta prototype
Gross area: Tourism area 2500 gross sq metre, Niliaitta prototype 36 gross sq metre / 30 interior sq metre
Client: Municipality of Kivijärvi
Architects: Studio Puisto Architects Ltd.
Partners: Mikko Jakonen, Emma Johansson, Sampsa Palva, Heikki Riitahuhta, Willem van Bolderen
Team members: Heikki Muntola, Guillaume Keidel, Maiju Koskela
Completion: Niliaitta prototype 2020
Collaborators, Niliaitta prototype:
Structural design: BD-Con Oy
HVAC design: LVI-insinööritoimisto Jorma Niemonen Oy
Electrical design: Karawatski Oy
Contractor, wooden structures: Laadulla Oy
Contractor, steel structures: Jake-Man Oy
Interior surfaces / fittings: Petri Leppänen